Wood provides a unique character to the furniture it makes. Of course, one has to know the color, consistency and the warmth of the décor one needs in order to pick their wood. The type of wood one chooses determines the beauty and strength of the finished piece. So, following is a list of trees best known for its wood:

Soft Wood: Soft Wood trees are the trees that produce needles and not seeds. They are also called Conifer trees.

Pine: Pine grows in the Northern Hemisphere. It is soft and white or pale yellow. It is light weight and straight-grained. It blends well with other woods.

Cedar: It has a reddish-brown color with light streaks. It possesses a slightly aromatic smell. It is mainly used to make furniture, decks, and building exteriors because it can handle moist environments without rotting.

Redwood: Soft with a straight grain, Redwood too can resist moisture and is used for outdoor projects.

Fir: Fir has a straight, pronounced grain, and has a reddish brown tint to it. It is inexpensive but requires finishing to it.


Hard Wood: Hard Wood comes from broad leaved trees. They grow slower than Soft Wood         trees. They produce denser wood and are more durable.

Ash: Ash is strong and open grained European hardwood. It is fairly easy to work with. It has a pale cream color but is sometimes stained black. It is primarily used for bent pieces of furniture such as a chair with curved backrests.

Birch: European birch is fine grained, rare and expensive. Birch is hard, heavy, close grained hardwood with a light brown or reddish colored heartwood and cream or light sapwood. It is often rotary or flat sliced, yielding straight, curly or wavy grain patterns.

Hemlock: It is light in weight and uniformly textured. It machines well and has low resistance to decay and non-resinous. It is often used for construction lumber, planks, doors, boards, paneling, sub flooring and crates.

Mahogany: Mahogany is rain forest hardwood. It is reddish brown in color. It originally is a South American timber but there are many other species with a similar appearance from other tropical countries that have been called mahogany. These are an endangered species.

Cherry: Cherry is A popular choice of all as it is easy to work with, stains well with just oil and it gets better with time. Cherry’s heartwood has a reddish-brown color to it and the sapwood is almost white. This is a very common wood for furniture-making and is available from sustainably grown forests. However, it is more expensive than Oak or Maple.

Maple: Maple comes in two varieties: hard and soft. Both varieties are harder than many other woods; hard maple is so hard that it’s difficult to work with. Soft maple, on the other hand, is relatively easy to work with. Because of their fine, straight grain, both varieties are more stable than many other woods. They also tend to be less expensive than other hardwoods.

Now that you know the qualities, it would be easier to choose one of these according to your needs.